Like human beings, dogs and cats can be affected by oral disease or may have accidents needing medical attention. Also, like humans, oral concerns can impact their general health. Although regular veterinary checkups include mouth examinations and cleaning, there are scenarios where oral issues are unpredictable.
Some dogs and cats are more vulnerable to dental issues because of their breed. These can be due to their bone structures or their genetic makeup.
Some breeds with really small mouths, like chihuahuas, usually have issues with overcrowding. Some dogs and cats may experience persistent deciduous teeth (PDT), where baby teeth do not fall out. Adult teeth then force their way out, causing both malocclusions and overcrowding.
Big-breed dogs are prone to a condition called gingival hyperplasia. It means the dog experiences excessive growth and thickening of the gums. It can be attributed to genetics or can be a reaction to swelling because of bacteria in the gums.
When the issues pointed out above are not dealt with, there is a risk of periodontal diseases. Suppose there is difficulty in sustaining oral hygiene due to pain or hard-to-reach areas; plaque buildup is inevitable. Tartar accumulation can go under the gum line. Bacteria in plaque can cause gingivitis, stomatitis, etc.
Oral Treatments and Surgery
Dogs and cats that faithfully visit the veterinarian for their annual are more likely to preserve great oral health. Aside from the comprehensive cleaning and dental exams, the veterinarian can provide suggestions concerning breed-specific issues. Tooth extractions or orthodontic intervention can be proactive options for impending problems.
Nevertheless, the vet dentist may recommend emergency or even full-mouth extractions in case of severe damage and disease. More details about the procedure will be offered to you by the vet to give you peace of mind about this. This might sound frightening, but pets may live much better lives without teeth than be in pain and at risk of complications.
Practical Tips for Pet Owners
You are accountable for the total well-being of your beloved pets. To ensure that your pets get the very best possible chance for exceptional oral health, here are some pointers to consider. These need your commitment and dedication for the best results.
Establish Good Practices
If you can, brush their teeth two times daily, but not less than thrice a week. Some pets may be fussy, but they can adjust to this routine and bond with you at the same time. Be gentle and encouraging during toothbrushing sessions.
Visit the Vet
Annual or bi-annual checkups include dental work. Throughout this time, a dog and cat dentist can see the state of your pet’s dental health and any early indications of problems. The majority of the time, pets will be sedated to enable the veterinarian to eliminate plaque. Listen to the vet’s recommendations and do what is necessary.
Consider Pet Insurance or Wellness Plans
You might consult the veterinarian or insurance providers about what they can do for your pets. In-house wellness plans include dental checks and prioritize preventive care. Like the ones recommended by Pfennig Lane Animal Hospital, pet insurance can cover the expensive treatment costs in emergencies requiring surgical treatment. Either way, payments will be easier on your pockets, and you will always have a sense of preparedness.